Note that names of languages in French are always written with a small letter, not a capital as in English ; also, French almost always uses the definite article with languages, while English does not. In the examples below the name of any language may be substituted for French and français :
French is easy
= le français est facile
I like French
= j’aime le français
to learn French
= apprendre le français
However, the article is never used after en :
say it in French
= dis-le en français
a book in French
= un livre en français
to translate sth into French
= traduire qch en français
and it may be omitted with parler :
to speak French
= parler français or parler le français
When French means in French or of the French, it is translated by français :
a French expression
= une expression française
the French language
= la langue française
a French proverb
= un proverbe français
a French word
= un mot français
and when you want to make it clear you mean in French and not from France, use en français :
a French book
= un livre en français
a French broadcast
= une émission en français
When French means relating to French or about French, it is translated by de français :
a French class
= une classe de français
a French course
= un cours de français
a French dictionary
= un dictionnaire de français
a French teacher
= un professeur de français
a French-English dictionary
= un dictionnaire français-anglais
See the dictionary entry for -speaking and speaker for expressions like Japanese-speaking or German speaker. French has special words for some of these expressions :
= anglophone
a French speaker
= un/une francophone
Note also that language adjectives like French can also refer to nationality e.g. a French tourist ⇒ Nationalities, or to the country e.g. a French town ⇒ Countries and continents.

Big English-French dictionary. 2003.

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